Key Stage 1

year 1 & year 2

Key Stage 1 : Year 1 & Year 2

Key Stage 1 (KS1) comprises of Year 1 and Year 2. In this group pupils are aged between 5 to 7, and builds on the skills learnt in Reception/Early Years.

The teaching of English in Year 1 and 2 is designed to instil a love of spoken language, reading and writing that will hopefully last children a lifetime. It is a fundamental part of the holistic development of the child, fostering positive behaviours and attitudes toward learning. Giving pupils the key skills in English, enables them to access material in all curriculum areas, and provides a foundation for their learning throughout their school career and beyond.

Through teaching Mathematics in year 1 and 2, children are taught to feel confident in their maths abilities and to ensure that they build a strong foundation of transferable skills that will take them through the rest of their primary and secondary school education, university and life beyond school.

Our intention for this age group that falls under Key Stage 1 is to increase children’s confidence, whilst ensuring sense of enjoyment and curiosity about the chosen subject.  Also help them with development of a sound understanding of mathematics and equip them with the skills of calculation, reasoning and problem solving (learning to apply their knowledge and skills to effectively solve problems in real life)

To achieve this our lessons will use a wide range of visual and physical props and games that should help to stimulate and engage their young minds.

Interested to know what is covered in the national Curriculum for Key Stage 1?

Geography

  • Name & locate the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom using atlases & globes
  • Identify seasonal / daily weather patterns in the UK and the location of hot and cold areas of the world
  • Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to local & familiar features
  • Use four compass directions & simple vocab

English - Writing

  • Name letters of the alphabet
  • Spell very common ‘exception’ words
  • Spell days of the week
  • Use very common prefixes & suffixes
  • Form lower case letters correctly
  • Form capital letters & digits
  • Compose sentences orally before writing
  • Read their own writing to peers or teachers

English - Reading

  • Match graphemes for all phonemes
  • Read accurately by blending sounds
  • Read words with very common suffixes
  • Read contractions & understand purpose
  • Read phonics books aloud
  • Link reading to own experiences
  • Join in with predictable phrases
  • Discuss significance of title & events
  • Make simple predictions

English - Grammar

  • Leave spaces between words
  • Begin to use basic punctuation: . ? !
  • Use capital letters for proper nouns
  • Use common plural & verb suffixes - Speaking & Listening
  • Listen & respond appropriately
  • Ask relevant questions
  • Maintain attention & participate

Art and Design

  • Use a range of materials
  • Use drawing, painting and sculpture
  • Develop techniques of colour, pattern, texture, line, shape, form and space
  • Learn about range of artists, craftsmen and designers

Design and Technology

  • Design purposeful, functional & appealing products
  • Generate, model & communicate ideas
  • Use range of tools & materials to complete practical tasks
  • Evaluate existing products & own ideas
  • Build and improve structure & mechanisms
  • Understand where food comes from

Mathematics - Number/Calculation

  • Count to / across 100
  • Count in 1s, 2s, 5s and 10s
  • Identify ‘one more’ and ‘one less’
  • Read & write numbers to 20
  • Use language, e.g. ‘more than’, ‘most’
  • Use +, - and = symbols
  • Know number bonds to 20
  • add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including zero
  • Solve one-step problems, including simple arrays

Mathematics - Geometry and Measures

  • Use common vocabulary for comparison, e.g. heavier, taller, full, longest, quickest
  • Begin to measure length, capacity, weight
  • Recognise coins & notes
  • Use time & ordering vocabulary
  • Tell the time to hour/half-hour
  • Use language of days, weeks, months & years
  • Recognise & name common 2-d and 3-d shapes
  • Order & arrange objects
  • Describe position & movement, including half and quarter turns

Science

  • Identify basic plants
  • Identify basic plant parts (roots, leaves, flowers, etc.)
  • Identify & compare common animals
  • Identify & name basic body parts
  • Distinguish between objects & materials
  • Identify & name common materials
  • Describe simple properties of some materials
  • Compare & classify materials
  • Observe weather associated with changes of season

History

  • Changes in living memory (linked to aspects of national life where appropriate)
  • Lives of significant historical figures, including comparison of those from different periods
  • Significant local people
  • Key events - e.g. Bonfire night
  • Events of local importance

Computing

  • Understand use of algorithms
  • Write & test simple programs
  • Use logical reasoning to make predictions
  • Organise, store, retrieve & manipulate data
  • Communicate online safely and respectfully
  • Recognise uses of IT outside of school

English - Writing

  • Spell by segmenting into phonemes
  • Learn to spell common ‘exception’ words
  • Spell using common suffixes, etc.
  • Use appropriate size letters & spaces
  • Develop positive attitude & stamina for writing
  • Begin to plan ideas for writing
  • Record ideas sentence-by-sentence
  • Make simple additions & changes after proof-reading

English - Reading

  • Develop phonics until decoding secure
  • Read common suffixes
  • Read & re-read phonic-appropriate books
  • Read common ‘exception’ words
  • Discuss & express views about fiction, non-fiction & poetry
  • Become familiar with & retell stories
  • Ask & answer questions; make predictions
  • Begin to make inferences

English - Grammar

  • Use . ! ? , and ’
  • Use simple conjunctions
  • Begin to expand noun phrases
  • Use some features of standard English
  • Speaking & Listening
  • Articulate & Justify answers
  • Initiate & respond to comments
  • Use spoken language to develop understanding

Art and Design

  • Use a range of materials
  • Use drawing, painting and sculpture
  • Develop techniques of colour, pattern, texture, line, shape, form and space
  • Learn about range of artists, craftsmen and designers

Design and Technology

  • Design purposeful, functional & appealing products
  • Generate, model & communicate ideas
  • Use range of tools & materials to complete practical tasks
  • Evaluate existing products & own ideas
  • Build and improve structure & mechanisms
  • Understand where food comes from

Geography

  • Name & locate world’s continents and oceans
  • Compare local area to a non-European country
  • Use basic vocabulary to describe a less familiar area
  • Use aerial images and other models to create simple plans and maps, using symbols
  • Use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the immediate environment

Mathematics - Number/Calculation

  • Know 2, 5, 10x tables
  • Begin to use place value (T/U)
  • Count in 2s, 3s, 5s & 10s
  • Identify, represent & estimate numbers
  • Compare / order numbers, inc. < > =
  • Write numbers to 100
  • Know number facts to 20 (+ related to 100)
  • Use x and ÷ symbols
  • Recognise commutative property of multiplication

Mathematics - Geometry and Measures

  • Know and use standard measures
  • Read scales to nearest whole unit
  • Use symbols for £ and p and add/subtract simple sums of less than £1 or in pounds
  • Tell time to the nearest 5 minutes
  • Identify & sort 2-d & 3-d shapes
  • Identify 2-d shapes on 3-d surfaces
  • Order and arrange mathematical objects
  • Use terminology of position & movement

Mathematics - Fractions

  • Find and write simple fractions
  • Understand equivalence of e.g. 2/4 = 1/2
  • Interpret simple tables & pictograms
  • Ask & answer comparison questions
  • Ask & answer questions about totalling

Science

  • Differentiate living, dead and non-living
  • Growing plants (water, light, warmth)
  • Basic needs of animals & offspring
  • Simple food chains & habitats
  • Identify and compare uses of different materials
  • Compare how things move on different surfaces

History

  • Changes in living memory (linked to aspects of national life where appropriate)
  • Lives of significant historical figures, including comparison of those from different periods
  • Significant local people
  • Key events - e.g. Bonfire night
  • Events of local importance

Computing

  • Understand use of algorithms
  • Write & test simple programs
  • Use logical reasoning to make predictions
  • Organise, store, retrieve & manipulate data
  • Communicate online safely and respectfully
  • Recognise uses of IT outside of school

As you can see from the detailed lists provided above, the knowledge in each group from the Key Stage 1 group varies. Nevertheless, what is typical for both Year 1 and Year 2 is that both English and Maths are quite complex subjects that are heavily represented in their curriculum. Therefore, we have paid careful attention to these two important ones. The lessons offered will be structured to cover English Writing and English Grammar. At the same time, subjects from Maths will also be divided into specific groups.

That said, your input on specific topics or areas you feel should be covered is crucial to us. Using this information, teachers can plan their classes better and deliver the content needed. Therefore, we encourage you to leave us comments on what specific topic(s) you wish to cover.

Don’t despair if at the moment you can’t see more subjects and lessons for Key Stage 1. At Teaching At Home, we would like to adapt to demand from you, parents.

Would you be interested in lessons covering “Computing” or “Science”?
Or, any of the remaining subjects for either Year 1 or Year 2?

If so, please do let us know through this form. We will compile this information and try to add those in our schedule for Year 1 and Year 2 in the forthcoming weeks. Please be assured that your information will be kept confidential and will be held in accordance with GDPR guidelines. For more details, please read our Privacy Policy.

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