Early Years Foundation Stage (Nursery/Reception) is for children aged three to five years old. It is the first stage of their formal education. The key focus is on teaching routine and easing them into the concept of learning in a structured environment. A lot of the activities for both nursery and Reception are play-based, with more formal teaching starting when they begin Key Stage 1.
The Reception class is the first compulsory year at primary school. Children in Reception get a foundation in literacy through communication and language activities such as role-play, listening exercises and show-and-tell. They learn the alphabet, high-frequency words and begin to learn phonic blends. Basic grammar is also taught at this point.
Their education journey starts with learning how to hold a pencil correctly, practise writing single letters, forming simple words and, eventually, simple sentences. The skills gained in Reception are further honed in Year 1. However, it is essential that even at this young age, they are provided with a stable foundation to build on.